Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss worldwide and typically affects individuals over 50 years of age, but can appear as early as age 40. As life expectancy increases, the disease is becoming a significant problem.
The disease affects the part of the retina called the macula, which is responsible for central vision. Central vision enables us to read, drive, sew and perform other tasks that require detailed vision. Vision loss from AMD typically occurs gradually and can affect both eyes at different rates. Even though macular degeneration can cause visual impairment, the disease usually does not cause peripheral (side) vision loss or lead to total blindness.
The two common types of macular degeneration are “dry” and “wet.” The “dry” form is usually caused by aging and thinning of the tissues of the macula. It develops slowly and usually causes only mild vision loss. The “Wet” form rare and more severe, and may progress rapidly causing significant central vision loss.
The Diagnostic Eye Center performs Macular Degeneration Testing. Here are case studies: